The Vaisnava Upanisad-s - English Translation Based on the Commentary of Upanisad Brahmayogin


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From the Jacket

Fourteen Vaisnava Upanisad-s, dealing with philosophical and agamic topics, translated into English by Prof. A. A. Ramanathan on the basis of the commentary of Upanisad Brahmayogin, constitute this volume. These Upanisad-s deal with the creation of the worlds, the gods, Vasu-s, Rudra-s, Aditya-s, etc. Detailed descriptions are given of the Pranava, Gayatri and other mantra-s, and yantra-s or the modes of worship, and of the means of liberation leading to the final beatitude.


Back of the Book

The Adyar Library and research centre was founded in 1886 by Henry Steel Olcott, first President of the Theosophical Society, for research in Eastern Civilization, Philosophy and Religion. Its aim is to promote understanding among the peoples of the world through knowledge of the higher aspects of their respective cultures.

The collections of the Library consist of about 18,000 manuscripts, containing about 45,000 printed volumes. The manuscripts are mostly from Indian and in Sanskrit. The printed books include old and rare Indological works and also a fine collection of books on the different religions and philosophies, in Sanskrit, English, and various other languages, eastern and western; and volumes of important Indological journals.

Brahmavidya, The Adyar Library Bulletin is being published annually since 1937, presenting papers and studies on religion, philosophy and various aspects of Sanskrit and other oriental literature as well as editions of ancient texts and translations.



The fourteen Upanisad-s published by us as The Vaisnava Upanisad-s are found in the list of 108 Upanisad-s in the Muktikopanisad. The Vaisnava Upanisad-s generally belong to the Tantra school advocating worship of the various aspects of Visnu as Narasimha, Rama, Krsna using mantra-s, and tantra (gestural worship). The Nrshimha Tapiniya Upanisad is quite popular, and there is a commentary on it ascribed to Sri Samkaracarya. This is definitely later than Sri Samkaracarya. However, it is earlier than Narayana-bhatta of Kerala who refers to it in his Narayaniya (A.D. 1558).

The Adyar Library has published all the 108 Upanisad-s with the commentary of Upanisad Brahmayogin. It has also the commentaries on the 108 Upanisad-s by another scholar Appayya Diksita, an eighteenth century Brahmin of Tirunelveli district in Tamilnadu. He passed away at Naranammalpuram in 1901. His commentary was based on the Anubhavadvaita system of thought which seems to be akin to the light within mentioned by the Buddha, and by the masters mentioned by Madame Blavatsky.

The late Professor A.A. Ramanathan has translated the Upanisad-s in a lucid form according to our new pattern of traslation. We hope than it will be appreciated by the seekers of truth.




Preface   V
1. Avyakta Upanisad  
Khanda I Attributeless Brahman alone before creation; Brahma, the creator, Appears; The creator desires to know his Duties 1-2
Khanda II The creator perceives the anustubh mantra; The vision of the man-lion through theanustubh mantra; Eulogy of Nrsimha 3-4
Khanda III The nature of the manifested; Meditation the means to create the world; Superiority of worship by meditation 4-5
Khanda IV The creator obtains omniscience by meditation; Others too may get omniscience by meditation 6
Khanda V Creation of the three worlds; Creation of Vasu-s, Rudra-s and Aditya-s; Creation of the four classes (Varna-s); Creation of day and night; Creation of Veda-s and Vedic metres 6-8
Khanda VI Creation of the pair, male and female; Legend of Indra; Means of establish one’s self in the supreme self 8-10
Khanda VII Fruit of studying this lore; Rule for imparting this spiritual lore 11-12
2. Kalisamtarana Upanisad  
  Overcoming the evils of the iron age by the mere remembrance of the names of the lord; Sixteen names which destroy the veil of supreme Brahman; The great efficacy of reciting the Lord’s names 13-15
3. Krsna Upanisad  
Khanda I Sri Rma’s promise to incarnate himself as Krsna; Description of the Lord as immanent in all 17-21
Khanda II   22-23
4. Garuda Upanisad  
  Traditional transmission of the Garuda-mantra; The seer etc. of the Garuda-mantra; Prayer for meditation; Malamantra, etc. of Garuda; The fruit of studying this Upanisad 25-34
5. Purva Gopalatapini Upanisad  
Upanisad I Benedictory verse; Supreme Godhood of Gopalakrsna; Ascertainment of the True nature of Gopalakrsna; Medition on the specific form of Gopalakrsna; Soft recitation of the Mantra on Gopalakrsna; Worship of Gopalakrsna 35-39
Upanisad II Mode of worshipping Govinda 39-41
Upanisad III The eighteen-syllabled mantra: the means employed for creation 41-42
Upanisad IV This [Mantra] itself is the means of self-realization 42
Upanisad V Creation of the universe from the five words of the mantra; Praise of Govinda who Embodies the five words 43-45
Upanisad VI Mode of meditation, Reciting prayers and worship of Gopalakrsna 45-46
  Uttara Gopalatapini Upanisad  
  The Worthiness of Durvasas to receive Alms from the cowherdesses; Their crossing of the Yamuna by remembering Krsna’s Unfaltering celibacy; Gopi-s recross the Yamuna by Remembering the fasting of Durvasas; Gandharvi’s doubt regarding Krsna and Durvasas; Non-enjoyment of wordly pleasures by a knower of Brahman; The non-enjoyment of fruits by Krsna; Gandhri’s Queries regarding birth etc. of Gopalakrsna; Brahma’s query to Narayana regarding his incarnations; The city of Gopala named Mathura is the central one among the seven cities of the world; Gods and other celestials reside in the woods of Mathura’ Krsna’s images in Mathura Adored by Rudra and others; Seekers after liberation shall remember their oneness with Gopala; The greatness of the temple of Gopalakrsna in Mathura; Establish

Item Code: IHJ019
Cover: Hardcover
Edition: 2002
Publisher: The Adyar Library and Research Center
ISBN: 8185141428
Language: (English Translation Only)
Size: 8.7 inch X 5.7 inch
Pages: 369
Other Details: Weight of the Book: 690 gms
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