We have a unique and rich heritage handed down to us thousands of years before in the form of Vedas. Vedas are handed down to us from generation to generation through ear-to-ear method. Hence, it is called Sruti. The vast mass of knowledge in the form of Vedas was divided into four Vedas as Rig, Yajus, Sama and Atharvana by sage Vedavyasa. Since Vedas were found to be difficult to be understood, an attempt was made in the form of Brahmanas and Aranyakas, as explanatory treatises.
The ultimate end fruit of Veda is considered as vedantha which is otherwise called Upanishads.
Upanishads are the philosophical speculations of the great seers and rishis of glorious past. It is mostly done in the form of discourses between the teacher and the student and ultimately they go and establish the existence of Brahman (God) and His relationship to the world (Prakruthi).
Upanishads are mainly divided into two i.e., major and minor ones. The major Upanishads are ten in number and the minor ones are six. Whatever may be the division, the purpose of Upanishad is to acquire Brahmavidya. The complete meaning of Upanishad is to sit near the teacher to gain sacred knowledge of Brahman’.
The author Dr. Kanchan Mande left no stone unturned to make it very simple and lucid for the benefit of the common reader. Those who seek to know quintessence of Upanishads will find out it extremely useful.
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