The great sage Yajnavalkya decalares in the Brhadaranyaka Upanisad (3.9.1,2 that gods are 3003 and then goes on to say that they are all different aspects of the one God. Similarly, even though the Vedas may be enumerated as four of Sixteen, they are all, ultimately, ONE.
Consequently, the entire body of the Veda, including all the including all the internal ramifications, teachers only one Truth, about God, the Supreme, just as a flower-plant always produces the same kind of flowers over the years, the revelations to the various rsis or sages over several centuries, always pointed towards the same basic Truth.
However, the Rgveda Considered as the oldest and the most basic to the entire Vedic literature needs a reverential study by every Hindu.
The purpose of this booklet is just to rouse the appetite of the reader to know more about this wonderful scripture.
The Veda is the original seed from which the huge banyan tree of Hinduism has evolved. It has four aspects, of which the Rgveda is the first.
A per the hoary tradition , believed in, by the Hindu orthodoxy, it was the sage Krsna-dvaipayana who gathered all the extant Vedic mantras of his times and divided them into four groups, thereby acquiring the honorific, Vedavyasa, or Vyasa. This division was necessitated by the practical needs felt in the performance of a sacrifice. All the mantras used by the priest hota (= one who calls upon ) to invite the various deities to a sacrifice, were collected together and called the Rgveda. Each of its mantras is known as a ‘rc’ or ‘rk’.
Being the most ancient and the basic work, it has, naturally, influenced the other three Vedas as also all their sub-divisions.
||Key to Transliteration and Pronunciation
||Vedic prayer (Gayatri)
|| Date of the Rgveda
|| Methods of Devision
|4 ||Sankhas or Branches
|5 ||Internal Devisions
|| Rsis or Sages
|| Devatas or Deities
|8 ||Literary Grace
|| Philosophy of the Rgveda
|11 ||Society of the Rgvedic Times
| ||Vedic Prayers