The Ramayana: A Linguistic Study(An Old Book)

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About the Book:

The Ramayana is always a fascinating study. This Adi Kavya coming from the pen of one of India's greatest poets has exercised a very powerful influence on the life and thought of millions of people of India over the ages. A voluminous work like the Ramayana can certainly be expected to be a good repertory of all kinds of information, historical, social, religious and cultural. So can it be a good index of the language as it obtained in contemporary society.

The present study is the first attempt of its kind analysing and critically evaluating the language of the Ramayana in all its varied aspects and, therefore, fulfils a long-felt desideratum. The twenty-four thousand verses of this great epic of India have been given here the most searching treatment and fresh ground broken in more ways than one. The study of the Ramayana synonyms, phonetic tendencies, onomatopoeia, prepositional verbs, usage, etymologies and un-Paninian forms, to mention only a few of the many topics dealt with exhaustively here, is bound to interest students of Sanskrit language in general and Linguistics in particular. The treatment of the subject is scientific throughout. The work is well-documented.

 

Contents

Preface
Foreword by Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatterji
Introduction by Dr. Siddheshwar Varma

Some Preliminary Observation

    Valmiki - The Immortal Bard
    Some Linguistic Peculiarities of the Ramayana

 

Chapter I

Rare Words or Words with Unfamiliar Meaning

 

Chapter II

Synonyms

 

Chapter III

Some Phonetic Tendencies

  1. Anaptyxis
  2. Syncope
  3. Haplology
  4. Metathesis
  5. Interchange of d and l and r and l
  6. Phonetic Variants in Proper Names
  7. Metrical Interference with Quality of a Vowel
    1. Shortening of Long Vowels
    2. Lengthening of Short Vowels

 

Chapter IV

The Onomatopoeic or Descriptive Words

 

Chapter V

Ellipsis

 

Chapter VI

Usage

 

Chapter VII

Prepositional Verbs

 

Chapter VIII

Etymologies

 

    The Use of Some Roots in Peculiar Meaning
    Karakas
    Repetition or Superfluity
    Verbs with a Cognate Object
    Idioms and Proverbs
    The Use of Words in Secondary Meaning
    Short Forms for Complete Expressions
Chapter IX

The Un-Paninian Forms and Other Anomalies
Sandhi

  1. Vowel Sandhi : Internal
    Vowel Sandhi : External
    1. Hiatus in Two Padas
      1. Absence of Savarnasandhi
      2. Absence of Gunasandhi
      3. Absence of Vrddhisandhi
      4. Absence of Other Vowel Sandhis
    2. Hiatus in the Same Pade
      1. Absence of Savarnasandhi
      2. Absence of Gunasandhi
      3. Absence of Yansandhi
  2. Consonant Sandhi
  3. Double Sandhi

Nouns
Compounds
Numerals
Taddhitas
Feminine Forms
Verbs

  1. Atmanepada and Parasmaipada
  2. Verb Formations
  3. Confusion in Ganas
  4. Set and anit
  5. Omission of Augments at and at
  6. Causal Forms

Participles

  1. Present Participles
  2. Past Participles

Gerunds
Infinitives
Other Anomalies

  1. Gender
  2. Interchange of Case, Voices and Tenses
  3. Concord : Gender
    Concord : Number

Omission of Case-affix
A Supplement : Synonyms
Classified Indexes
Bibliography

Sample Pages