The Philosophy of the Upanishads

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From the Jacket:

What is that by knowing which everything in this vast universe is known? This question has something or other agitated all thinking persons. The hoary sages of ancient India, after deep and prolonged meditation, discovered the answer that by knowing Atman, the sole reality that sustains the universe, all is known; for the atman creates this universe and enters into it as soul. Atman also termed Brahman, the creator is the supreme soul; atman the created is the individual soul. The entire esoteric fabric of the Upanishads, which number more than a hundred, is woven around two concepts - that of the Brahman and the atman They urge the earnest seeker to strive for Brahma-atma-aikyam (unity of the Brahman and the Atman). As the path to this knowledge is best with perils and sharp as a razor's edge, the adept teachers commencing from such an insignificant trifle as a fig take their pupils through theology, cosmology, psychology and eschatology to that destination where all illusions vanish and the purport of laconic but profound statements like tat tvam as (that art thou), aham brahma asmi (I am Brahman) are realized. Countless philosophers, noteable being Badarayana the author of Brahma-sutras, have sought inspiration from the Upanishads for their system of philosophy.

The unabating popularity of Paul Deussen's The Philosophy of the Upanishads ever since its first publication in 1906 attests to the quality of its contents. This second edition is brought out to reach a wider circle of readers who desire to have a close acquaintance with the philosophy of the Upanishads.

 

CONTENTS

 

THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE UPANISHADS
The Second Period of Indian Philosophy, or The Continuance and Close of the Times of the Brahman
Introduction to the Philosophy of The Upanishads
I. The Place of the Upanishads in the Literature of the Veda 1-15
  1. The Veda and its Divisions 1
  2. Brahman, Aranyaka, Upanishad 2
  3. The Upanishads of the three older Vedas 5
  4. The Upanishads of the Atharvaveda 7
  5. On the Meaning of the word Upanishad 10
II. Brief Summary of the History of the Upanishads 16-38
  1. The earliest Origin of the Upanishads 16
  2. The extant Upanishads 22
  3. The Upanishads in Badarayana and Sankaras 26
  4. The most important Collection of Upanishads 33
III. The Fundamental Conception of the Upanishads and its Significance. 38-50
  1. The Fundamental Conception of the Upanishads 38
  2. The Conception of the Upanishads in its relation to Philosophy 50
  3. The Conception of the Upanishads in its relation to Religion 44
THE SYSTEM OF THE UPANISHADS
Introduction 51-53
First Part : Theology, or the Doctrine of Brahman
On the Possibility of Knowing Brahman 54-85
  1. Is the Veda the Source of the Knowledge of Brahman? 54
  2. Preparatory Means to a Knowledge of Brahman 60
  3. Sacrifice 61
  4. Asceticism (tapas) 65
  5. Other Preliminary Conditions 70
  6. The Standpoint of Ignorance, of Knowledge, and of superior Knowledge in relation to Brahman 74
The Search for Brahman 85-99
  1. The Atman (Brahman) as the Unity 85
  2. Balaki's Attempts at Explanation 87
  3. Sakalya's Attempts at Explanation 88
  4. Six inadequate Definitions 89
  5. Definition of the Atman Vaisvanara 90
  6. Narada's gradual Instruction 92
  7. Three different Atmans 94
  8. Five different Atmans 97
III. Symbolical Representations of Brahman 99-125
  1. Introduction and Classification 99
  2. Brahman as Prana and Vayu 101
  3. Other Symbols of Brahman 111
  4. Attempts to interpret the symbolical Representations of Brahman 117
  5. Interpretations of and Substitutes for Ritual Practice 119
IV. The Essential Brahman 126-157
  1. Introduction 126
  2. Brahman as Being and not-Being, Reality and not-Reality 128
  3. Brahman as Consciousness, Thought 132
  4. Brahman as Bliss (ananda)Item Code: IDE423
Cover: Hardcover
Edition: 1979
Publisher: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation
Language: English
Size: 8.8" X 5.8"
Pages: 433[/product_video]