Srimad Devibhagavata Puranam (Sanskrit Text with English Translation in Two Volumes)

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From the Jacket

Some hold that Bhagavata is a Maha Purana and Devi Bhagavata is an Up-purana. While others think vise versa. Similar is the case with the Vayu Purana and the Siva Purana. We are not indulging ourselves in this discussion and only say that though the number is said to be eighteen but there are twenty books (Puranas) which come under the title of Mahapuranas.

This question has been a bone of contention between the Vaisnavas and the Saktas during the last few centuries. So many references are cited in support of both the works by the scholars. Siva Purana cites a verse in support of Devi Bhagavatam. Bhavisya Purana is also of the opinion that Devi Bhagavata is to be included in the great 18 Puranas and not the Bhagavata.

The Devi Bhagavata, though praises Devi as the highest deity, the study of this Purana reveals that at the time of its composition the most prominent deities were, Visnu, Siva, Ganesa and Devi. The devotees were also called as Vaisnavas, Saivas, Ganapatyas and Saktas respectively. Though almost all these sectaries imbibed Sakta ideas, more or less, some of them followed the Vedic path but the majority was guided by the Tantras and Agamas. Thus the author of the Devi Bhagavata advocates the unity of all the gods, saying that all these gods are one and the same in reality. This Purana, as its name indicates, deals with the praise of Devi as the highest deity and the energy of all gods and others.

Thus a brief description of its contents shows that Devi Bhagavata Purana may definitely be called as Sakta Purana. It conceives of a central Goddess called Devi Sri Bhuvanesvari. She has been described a beautiful, four-handed, resident of manidvipa and is a Saumya Goddess. Like Vedanta this Purana describes her as Nirguna and identifies her with Parabrahma. She is Mula Prakrti and divides herself into Purusa and Prakrti. She is Mahamaya and creates Visnu, Siva and Brahma out of herself and enables them to perform their respective duties. She is the mother of whole universe and the Sakti of all. This Purana lays special stress on Bhakti as a means of realizing Devi and considers Jnana to be the same as Bhakti, in its highest state.

Although a Sakta work, the Devi Bhagavata holds the Vedas in high esteem and tries its best to establish their authority among the people. It regards 'Sruti, Smrti and Puranas' as sources of Dharma and looks upon the first as the highest authority. Similarly the Tantra have also been praised. Tantric Bijas and Mantras of different deities have been prescribed. It is said that every Dvija doing Gayatri japa is called Sakta according to this Purana.

In Devi Bhagavata purana we find the benign aspect of the goddess is praised always helping the devotees and the poor, helpless fellows and punishing the wicked ones. Her form is described as world renowned benign form granting grace and benefit to all and even giving Mukti to all the people. Thus this Purana is rightly called the epitome of Saktism and respected very much by the Saktas. This Purana gives respect to each and every deity, the supreme position but he gives Devi, the life and energy of all. It is very important for synthesizing the various sects and philosophies of India. May the goddess Sri-bhuvanesvari bless us for the upliftment of mankind especially the poor ones.

Contents
Preface iii-xix
The Book-I 1
1 On the question by Saunaka and other Rsis 1
2 On the question by Saunaka and other Rsis 3
3 On praising the Puranas and on each Vyasa of every Dvapara Yuga 6
4 On the excellency of the Devi 10
5 On the narrative of Hayagriva 15
6 On the preparation for war by Madhu Kaitabha 23
7 On the praise of the Devi 26
8 On deciding who is to be worshipped 31
9 On the killing of Madhu Kaitabha 35
10 On Siva's granting boonsX 41
11 On the birth of Pururava 43
12 On the birth of Pururava 50
13 On Urvasi and Pururava 54
14 On the birth of Suka. Devi. And on the duties of householders 55
15 On the dispsion of Suka and the instructions of Bhagavati to Hari 62
16 On Suka's desiring to go to Mithila to see Janaka 67
17 On Suka's self-control 72
18 On Janaka's instructions to Suka Deva 78
19 On Suka's marriage 82
20 On Vyasa doing his duties 87
The Book-II 93
1 On the birth of Matsyagandha 93
2 On the birth of Vyasa Deva 96
3 On the curse on the river Ganga 100
4 On the birth of the Vasus 104
5 On the marriage of Satyavati 109
6 On the birth of the Pandavas 114
7 On shewing the departed ones 119
8 On the extinction of the family of Yadu and on the anecdote of Pariksit 124
9 On the Account of Kuru 127
10 On the death of Pariksit 131
11 On the Sarpa Yajna 136
12 On the birth of Astika 141
The Book-III 146
1 On the questions put by Janamejaya 146
2 On Rudras going towards the heavens on the celestial car 149
3 On seeing the Devi 152
4 On the hymns to the Devi 157
5 On chanting hymns by Hara and Brahma 161
6 On the powers of the Devi 166
7 On creation 173
8 On Gunas 177
9 On the characteristics of the Gunas 181
10 On the anecdote of Satyavrata 185
11 On the Devi in the anecdote of Satyavrata 190
12 On the Amba Yajna 194
13 On the Devi Yajna 201
14 On the glories of the Devi 205
15 On the fight between Yudhajit and Virasena 209
16 On Yudhajit's going to the hermitage of Bharadvaja 213
17 On the story of Visvamitra 217
18 On Svayamvara of the daughter of the king of Banaras 222
19 On the marriage 226
20 On the Svayamvara Hall 230
21 On the king of Benares fulfilling the advice of his daug hter 235
22 On Sudarsana's marriage 240
23 On killing the enemy of Sudarsana 245
24 On the installation of Durga Devi in Banaras 249
25 On the installation of the Devi in Ayodhya and Banaras 253
26 On the Navaratri 257
27 On worshipping the virgins 261
28 On incidents connected with Navaratri 266
29 On the stealing of Sita 271
30 On Rama's performing the Navaratra ceremony 275
The Book-IV 281
1 On the questions put by Janamejaya regarding Krsna's incarnation 281
2 On the supremacy of the effects of Karma 284
3 On the previous curse of Vasudeva 289
4 On Adharma 293
5 On the dialogues of Nara Narayana 297
6 On the origin of Urvasi 300
7 On Ahamkara 305
8 On going to the Tirthas 309
9 On the fight between the Rsis and Prahlada 312
10 On the curse on Visnu by Bhrgu 316
11 On Sukra's going to Mahadeva to get the Mantra 320
12 On Bhrgu's curse and the dialogue between. Sukracarya and Daityas 324
13 On cheating the Daityas 328
14 On the Daitya's getting back their Sukracarya 332
15 On the truce between the Daityas and the Devas 336
16 On the birth of the several Avataras of Visnu 342
17 On the questions asked by Janamejaya 344
18 On the Devi Earth's going to the Heavens 348
19 On chanting the humus to the Devi 353
20 On Devaki's marriage 357
21 On the killing of the sons of Devaki 363
22 On the part incarnations of the several Devas 367
23 On the birth of Sri Krsna 371
24 On the stealing away of Pradyumna 375
25 On the Devi's Highest Supremacy 380
The Book-V 387
1 On the Superiority of Rudm over Visnu 387
2 On the Birth of the Danava Mahisa 391
3 On the Daitya armies getting ready 395
4 On the war counsels given by Indra 398
5 On the defeat of the Danava forces of Mahisa 402
6 On the Deva Damava fight 406
7 On the going of the Devas to Kailasa 410
8 On the description of the origin and the Form of the Devi 414
9 On the worship by the gods to the Devi 420
10 On the messenger's news to Mahisa 425
11 On Tamras fighting. With the Devi 429
12 On the cabinet held by Mahisa 434
13 On the killing of Vaskala and Durmukha 439
14 On the killing of Tamra and Ciksura 443
15 On the slaying of Vidalaksa and Asiloma 447
16 On the conversation between the Devi and Mahisa 451
17 On Mandodari's accounts 457
18 On the killing of Mahisa 460
19 On the hymns to the Devi 465
20 On the peace of the world 470
21 On the conquest of the Heavens by Sumbha and Nisumbha 474
22 On praising the Devi 478
23 On the prowess of Kausiki 483
24 On Dhumralocana 488
25 On Dhumralocana killed 492
26 On Canda Munda killed 496
27 On the fight of Raktabija 501
28 On the Devi's fighting 505
29 On the killing of Raktabija 509
30 On the killing of Nisumbha 514
31 On the death of Sumbha 518
32 On the king Suratha's going to the forest 523
33 On the greatness of the Devi 527
34 On the worship of the Devi 532
35 On the King Suratha's getting the boons and on the Vaisya Samadhi 536
The Book-VI 541
1 On Trisira's austelities 541
2 On the birth of Vrtrasura 545
3 On the Deva defeat and on Vrtra's tapasya 549
4 On the defeat of the Devas by Vrtra 554
5 On praising the Devi 558
6 On Vrtrasura slain 564
7 On Indra's disguise in the Manas Lake 568
8 On Saci's praising the Devi 573
9 On Indra's getting the fruits of Brahmahatya and on the downfall of the king Nahusa 578
10 On the phase of Karma 583
11 On the Dharma 586
12 On the war between Adi and Baka 591
13 On the above fight 596
14 On the birth of Vasistha from Mitra Varuna 600
15 On Nimi's getting another body and on the Haihayas 605
16 On the Haihaya and the Bhargavas 610
17 On the continuance of Bhrgu's family 614
18 On the origin of the Haihyas 619
19 On the Haihayas born of a mare 623
20 On the son born of mare by Hari 627
21 On the conquest Ekavira 632
22 On stealing away Ekavali 636
23 On the war between Haihaya and Kalaketu 641
24 On Viksepa Sakti 646
25 On the cause of Moha of Vyasa 650
26 On Narada's Moha 653
27 On Narada's marriage 658
28 On Narada, a woman 662
29 On Narada again a man 666
30 On the glory of Maha Maya 671
31 On Maha Maya 675
The Book-VII 681
1 On the Solar and Lunar Kings 681
2 On the piercing of the eyes of Cyavana Muni 683
3 The King Saryati giving his daughter in marriage to Cyavana Muni 688
4 On Sukanya and the Asvin's 693
5 On Cyavana's getting his youth 697
6 On the Asvias getting the right to drink Soma 701
7 On the Asvins drinking the Soma Cup 706
8 On the King Revata and the Solar Dynasty 709
9 On the story of Kakutstha and on Mandhata 713
10 On Satyavrata 718
11 On Trisanku 722
12 On Vasistha's curse on Trisanku 725
13 Visvamitra helping Trisanku 730
14 On Trisanku's going to the Heavens 734
15 On the King Hariscandra 738
16 On Sunahsepha 742
17 On Sunahsepha freed and Hariscandra cured 747
18 On the quarrel between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 751
19 On Hariscandra's Kingdom taken 755
20 On Hariscandra paying his Daksina 759
21 On the sorrows of Hariscandra 763
22 On selling Hariscandra's wife 765
23 On Hariscandra as a slave of the Candala 769
24 On Hariscandra in the burning Ghat of Kasi 772
25 On the quarrels between Hariscandra and Visvamitra 774
26 On the sorrows of Hariscandra 780
27 On Hariscandra's going to the Heavens 786
28 On the glory of Sataksi Devi 795
29 On the Devi's birth in the Daksa's house 795
30 On the birth of Gauri and Siva's distruction 799
31 On the birth of Parvati 806
32 On Self Realisation spoken by the Devi 812
33 On the Devis' Virat Rupa 816
34 On the Final Emancipation 820
35 On the Yoga and Mantra Siddhi 824
36 On the knowledge of Brahman 829
37 On Bhakti 833
38 On the vows and the sacred places of the Devi 836
39 On the worship of the Devi 840
40 On the outer worship of the Devi 843
The Book-VIII 847
1 On the description of the worlds 847
2 On the Earth raised by the Boar 851
3 On Manu's family 853
4 On the family of Priyavrata 855
5 On mountains and rivers 557
6 On the rivers and mountains 559
7 On the Ganges and the Varsas 562
8 On Ilavsta 864
9 On the divisions of the continent 867
10 On Bhuvanakosa 870
11 On the continents and Bharatavarsa 873
12 On the Dvipas 876
13 On the Dvipas 879
14 On the Lokaloka 881
15 On the motion of the Sun 883
16 On the motion of the Planets 886
17 On the Dhruva Mandalam 889
18 On the Rahu 891
19 On the nether regions 893
20 On the narrative of Talatala 896
21 On the narrative of hells 898
22 On the sins 900
23 On the remaining hells 904
24 On the Devi Puja 906
The Book-IX 911
1 On the description of Prakrti 911
2 On the origin of Prakrti and Purusa 924
3 On the origin of Brahma, Visnu Mahesa and others 930
4 On the hymn, worship and Kavaca of Sarasvati 935
5 On Sarasvati Stotra 941
6 On the coming in this world of Laksmi, Ganga and Sarasvati 943
7 On the curses on Ganga, Sarasvati and Laksmi 948
8 On the greatness of Kali 952
9 On the origin of the Sakti of the Earth 959
10 On the offences caused to the Earth anld punishments thereof 964
11 On the origin of the Ganga 966
12 On the origin of the Ganga 971
13 On the anecdote of the Ganga 975
14 On Ganga, as the wife of Narayana 986
15 On the anecdote of Tulasi 987
16 On the incarnation of Maha Laksmi in the house of Kusadhvaja 991
17 On the anecdote of Tulasi 995
18 On the union of Sankhacuda with Tulasi 999
19 On the going of the Devas to Vaikuntha after Tulasi marriage with Sankhachuda 1005
20 On the war preparations of Sankhachuda 1011
21 On the war between Maha Deva and Sankhachuda 1016
22 On the fight between the Devas and Sankhachuda 1022
23 On the killing of Sankbachuda 1027
24 On the glory of Tulasi 1029
25 On the worship of Tulasi 1036
26 On Sarvitri 1039
27 On the birth, etc., of Savitri 1045
28 On Savitri 1046
29 On Savitri, on gifts, and on Karmas 1049
30 On the conversation between Savitri and Yama 1053
31 On Yama's giving the Sakti Mantra to Savitri 1062
32 On Various hells 1064
33 On the destinies of the sinners 1065
34 On various hells 1073
35 On various hells 1079
36 On having no fear of Yama of those who are the Pancopasakas 1083
37 On the Eighty-Six Kunda 1086
38 On the glories of the Devi 1094
39 On Maha Laksmi 1100
40 On the birth of Laksmi 1103
41 On the churning of the ocean 1109
42 On the stotram of Maha Laksmi 1114
43 On Svaha 1119
44 On Svadha 1123
45 On Daksina 1126
46 Ou Sasthi Devi 1133
47 On Manglachandi 1138
48 On Manasa 1141
49 On Surabhi 1151
50 On the glory of Sakti Notes on Sakti and the Saktas 1153
The Book-X 1161
1 On Svayambhuva Manu 1161
2 On the conversation between Narada and the Bindhya Mountain 1163
3 On Vindhya's obstructing the Sun's Course in the Heavens 1165
4 On the Deva's going to Maha Deva 1167
5 On the Devas' going to Visnu 1168
6 On the Devas praying to the Muni Agastya 1170
7 On the checking of the rise of the Vindhya 1172
8 On the Origin of Manu 1174
9 On the anecdote of Caksusa Manu 1176
10 On the history of the king Suratha 1178
11 On Madhu Kaitabha killed 1180
12 On Savarni Manu 1182
13 On Bhramari Devi 1188
The Book-XI 1197
1 On the Morning Duties 1197
2 On cleaning the body 1202
3 On the glories of the Rudraksa beads 1205
4 On the greatness of the Rudraksam 1208
5 On the Rudraksam rosaries 1211
6 On the greatness of Rudraksam 1213
7 On the different numbers of facets of Rudraksams 1217
8 On Bhuta Suddhi 1220
9 On the rules of Sirovrata 1222
10 On Gauna Bhasma 1225
11 On the three kinds of Bhasmas 1227
12 On bolding the Tripundrams 1229
13 On the greatness of Bhasma 1232
14 On holding the Bibhuti 1235
15 On using the Tripundrand Urdhvapundra 1239
16 On the Sandhya Upasana 1246
17 On the Sandhya and other daily practices 1254
18 On the greatness to the Devi Puja 1258
19 On the mid-day Sandhya 1263
20 On the Brahma Yajna, Sandhyas, etc. 1265
21 On the Gayatri Purascarnam 1268
22 On the Vaisavadeva 1273
23 On the Tapta Kcchra Vrata 1276
24 On Sadacara 1281
The Book-XII 1289
1 On the description of the Gayatri 1289
2 On the descripti on of the saktis of the Gayatri 1291
3 On the Gayatri Kavacam 1292
4 On the Gayatri Hrdayarm 1294
5 On the Gayatri Stotram 1296
6 On the one thousand and eight names of Gayatri 1298
7 On the Diksa vidhi (Initiation) 1308
8 On the appearance of the Highest Sakti 1318
9 On the cause of Faith in the other Devas than the Devi Gayatri 1325
10 On the description of the Mani Dvipi 1331
11 On the enclosure walls of the Mani Dvipa 1338
12 On the description of the Mani Dvipa 1345
13 On Janamejaya's Devi Yajna 1349
14 On the fruits of hearing, etc., this Puranam 1352