Srimad Devibhagavata Puranam (Sanskrit Text with English Translation in Two Volumes)


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Some hold that Bhagavata is a Maha Purana and Devi Bhagavata is an Up-purana. While others think vise versa. Similar is the case with the Vayu Purana and the Siva Purana. We are not indulging ourselves in this discussion and only say that though the number is said to be eighteen but there are twenty books (Puranas) which come under the title of Mahapuranas.

This question has been a bone of contention between the Vaisnavas and the Saktas during the last few centuries. So many references are cited in support of both the works by the scholars. Siva Purana cites a verse in support of Devi Bhagavatam. Bhavisya Purana is also of the opinion that Devi Bhagavata is to be included in the great 18 Puranas and not the Bhagavata.

The Devi Bhagavata, though praises Devi as the highest deity, the study of this Purana reveals that at the time of its composition the most prominent deities were, Visnu, Siva, Ganesa and Devi. The devotees were also called as Vaisnavas, Saivas, Ganapatyas and Saktas respectively. Though almost all these sectaries imbibed Sakta ideas, more or less, some of them followed the Vedic path but the majority was guided by the Tantras and Agamas. Thus the author of the Devi Bhagavata advocates the unity of all the gods, saying that all these gods are one and the same in reality. This Purana, as its name indicates, deals with the praise of Devi as the highest deity and the energy of all gods and others.

Thus a brief description of its contents shows that Devi Bhagavata Purana may definitely be called as Sakta Purana. It conceives of a central Goddess called Devi Sri Bhuvanesvari. She has been described a beautiful, four-handed, resident of manidvipa and is a Saumya Goddess. Like Vedanta this Purana describes her as Nirguna and identifies her with Parabrahma. She is Mula Prakrti and divides herself into Purusa and Prakrti. She is Mahamaya and creates Visnu, Siva and Brahma out of herself and enables them to perform their respective duties. She is the mother of whole universe and the Sakti of all. This Purana lays special stress on Bhakti as a means of realizing Devi and considers Jnana to be the same as Bhakti, in its highest state.

Although a Sakta work, the Devi Bhagavata holds the Vedas in high esteem and tries its best to establish their authority among the people. It regards 'Sruti, Smrti and Puranas' as sources of Dharma and looks upon the first as the highest authority. Similarly the Tantra have also been praised. Tantric Bijas and Mantras of different deities have been prescribed. It is said that every Dvija doing Gayatri japa is called Sakta according to this Purana.

In Devi Bhagavata purana we find the benign aspect of the goddess is praised always helping the devotees and the poor, helpless fellows and punishing the wicked ones. Her form is described as world renowned benign form granting grace and benefit to all and even giving Mukti to all the people. Thus this Purana is rightly called the epitome of Saktism and respected very much by the Saktas. This Purana gives respect to each and every deity, the supreme position but he gives Devi, the life and energy of all. It is very important for synthesizing the various sects and philosophies of India. May the goddess Sri-bhuvanesvari bless us for the upliftment of mankind especially the poor ones.

Preface iii-xix
The Book-I 1
1 On the question by Saunaka and other Rsis 1
2 On the question by Saunaka and other Rsis 3
3 On praising the Puranas and on each Vyasa of every Dvapara Yuga 6
4 On the excellency of the Devi 10
5 On the narrative of Hayagriva 15
6 On the preparation for war by Madhu Kaitabha 23
7 On the praise of the Devi 26
8 On deciding who is to be worshipped 31
9 On the killing of Madhu Kaitabha 35
10 On Siva's granting boonsX 41
11 On the birth of Pururava 43
12 On the birth of Pururava 50
13 On Urvasi and Pururava 54
14 On the birth of Suka. Devi. And on the duties of householders 55
15 On the dispsion of Suka and the instructions of Bhagavati to Hari 62
16 On Suka's desiring to go to Mithila to see Janaka 67
17 On Suka's self-control 72
18 On Janaka's instructions to Suka Deva 78
19 On Suka's marriage 82
20 On Vyasa doing his duties 87
The Book-II 93
1 On the birth of Matsyagandha 93
2 On the birth of Vyasa Deva 96
3 On the curse on the river Ganga 100
4 On the birth of the Vasus 104
5 On the marriage of Satyavati 109
6 On the birth of the Pandavas 114
7 On shewing the departed ones 119
8 On the extinction of the family of Yadu and on the anecdote of Pariksit 124
9 On the Account of Kuru 127
10 On the death of Pariksit 131
11 On the Sarpa Yajna 136
12 On the birth of Astika 141
The Book-III 146
1 On the questions put by Janamejaya 146
2 On Rudras going towards the heavens on the celestial car 149
3 On seeing the Devi 152
4 On the hymns to the Devi 157
5 On chanting hymns by Hara and Brahma 161
6 On the powers of the Devi 166
7 On creation 173
8 On Gunas 177
9 On the characteristics of the Gunas 181
10 On the anecdote of Satyavrata 185
11 On the Devi in the anecdote of Satyavrata 190
12 On the Amba Yajna 194
13 On the Devi Yajna 201
14 On the glories of the Devi 205
15 On the fight between Yudhajit and Virasena 209
16 On Yudhajit's going to the hermitage of Bharadvaja 213
17 On the story of Visvamitra 217
18 On Svayamvara of the daughter of the king of Banaras 222
19 On the marriage 226
20 On the Svayamvara Hall 230
21 On the king of Benares fulfilling the advice of his daug hter 235
22 On Sudarsana's marriage 240
23 On killing the enemy of Sudarsana 245
24 On the installation of Durga Devi in Banaras 249
25 On the installation of the Devi in Ayodhya and Banaras 253
Item Code: IDI632
Cover: Hardcover
Edition: 2006
Publisher: Eastern Book Linkers
ISBN: 8178540975
Size: 9.6"X 7.2
Pages: 1543[/product_video]