From the Jacket
The volume presents, for the first time in English language, the translation, based on devotion to our Lord Sri Krishna (bhakti), bringing out, from the original Sanskrit text, the “bhavartha” (meaning of the innerspirit and underlying loving sentiments, with which, this treatise has been written), of the monumental commentary Sri Subodhini, on the Maha Bhagavata Purana, by Mahaprabhu Sri Vallabhacharya (c 1479 – c 1531).
Shri Vallabhacharya’s Sri Subodhini is available only for the 1st, 2nd 3rd; 10th and for 4 chapters and 2 verses of chapter 5 of 11th canto. Sri Subodhini is considered as the most detailed commentary, among all the available commentaries of Sri Bhagavatam.
In this volume 4 chapters of the canto II (Chapters 7 to 10) are dealt with the original verse of Sri Bhagavatam, it’s English Meaning, The text of Sri Subodhini in Sanskrit and it’s English Meaning. Wherever necessary, the Commentaries / Explanations given of Shri Gosainji (Shri Vittalnatha) Shri Vallabhji, Shri Laloo Bhatji and Shri Purushotamji have also have been added.
The 10 chapter respectively deal with (1) The various “In-carnations” (Avataaram) of our Lord Sri Narayana, who is the “Antaryaami” (Indwelling” Lord), in the heart of everyone (2) The “Doubts and Questions” of King Parikshit (3) Sri Sukadeva removes the “Doubts” of King Parikshit, on the twin truths of “Jeeva” (Individual soul) and “Brahman” (Our Lord). Our Lord Sri Narayana’s “Teaching” of the famous “Chatusloki Sri Bhagavatam” (The “Highest Truth”) to Lord Brama is included in chapter 9 and (4) The “10” divine features of Sri Bhagavatam (Dasa Lakshanam”) and description of the origin and creation of the Universe.
Born in a village, founded by Adi Shankracharya, as the son of very devout parents, the late T.K. Viswanatha Iyer and Ranganayaki Ammal, Ramanan was initiated into the study of the Vedas, the Upanishads, Puranas, the Gita, Sanskrit treatises and the Sacred Chantings from the age of 5.
His initiation into the path of Bhakti was blessed by his Acharya and Guru, Shri Ubhaya Vedanta Srirangam Sampath Kumara Swami, who is 77 now and is a symbol of our Lord’s love and compassion. He is honoured and loved by everyone, as a noble Saint of Shri Ramanuja Sampradaya.
Ramanan says “if ever there is a faint and feeble remembrance of our Lord, in my mind, it is entirely due to the Grace of my Guru and his prayers to our Lord Shri Laxmi Narayana”
Arising out of a chance meeting with one of the greatest saints of our times, Shri Shyam Manohar Goswamijee, a direct descendant of Shri Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya, becoming the recipient of His love, Grace and Compassion, Ramanan was inspired to attempt writing this translation into English of the monumental commentary of Shri Subodhini, by Mahaprabhu Shri Vallabhacharya, which in the words of Srimad Andavan of Srirangam, a noble and most loving Saint of the Ramanuja Sampradaya “cannot be fully and truly translated, into any other language, as Shri Vallabhacharya had the highest love for Lord Krishna”
Hence, at best, this translation, in the words of Ramanan “is a humble attempt to becoming deserving to get the Grace of our Lord Shri Krishna, through the Blessings and Grace of my Gurudeva Shri Ubhaya Vedanta Srirangam Sampath Kumara Swamin, Shri Shyam Manohar Goswamijee, Srimad Andavan of Srirangam and all Devotees and Bhaktas of our Lord”
Blessings from Parama Poojya Shri Goswami Shyam Majoharji Maharaj
The sacred Shree Maha Bhagavata Purana, is considered as the most revered “King” among the holy scriptures, unanimously accepted and respected, by the followers of Shri Shankara, Shri Ramanuja, Shri Madhwa, Shri Nimbarka and our Shri Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya, as being helpful, for the meditation and contemplation of the Upanishadic Truth of the Supreme Para Brahman and also for the hearing, chanting, singing and remembering the sacred Divine Truth and Principle of our Lord and His Divine Leelas, as explained in the Puranas.
The Supreme Para Brahman, explained in the Upanishads, regarded as the creator, sustainer, destroyer (withdrawer) and also as the giver of liberation, is described in the Maha Bhagavata Purana, as the Supreme Lord and Shree Bhagavan, who enacts, His Divine Leelas of creation of the Primordial elements and it’s subsequent forms (in endless permutation and combination) in this universe, and also provides for the various functions such as the continuity of existence, it’s nourishment, fulfillment of desires and wants/requirements, changing of aeons/times, enacting His Divine Leelas constituting the Divine stories about these Leelas, blessing the devotee with pure and total devotion (NIRODHA) and finally causing the “liberation” (MOKSHA) of His devotees. In other words, the Supreme Para Brahman described in the Upanishads. Is the same Lord or Bhagavan Shri Purushottama, as explained in this Maha Bhagavata Purana.
Our Shri Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya has revered and accepted this Maha Bhagavata Purana, as the ultimate proof and evidence, which could remove all the doubts, that may arise, while one is engaged, in the interpretation of the Vedas, the Smritis and the Brahmasutras. Our Mahaprabhuji has also desired, that the interpretation of the true inner-meaning of the Vedas should be done as per the directions and exposition given by our Lord Shri Krishna, in the Bhagavad Gita, which in turn, should be interpreted as per the inner meaning of the Brahmasutras. Shri Mahaprabhu then specified, that the Brahmasutras Shri Mahaprabhu then specified, that the Brahmasutras should be interpreted as per the directions and teachings contained in this Maha Bhagavata Purana.
With another view in his mind, our Shri Mahaprabhu had written the commentary on the Brahmasutras and the Sutras of Jaimini, as propounding the true meaning of the Vedas. Unfortunately only a very small part of these treatises are available now. In the same way, he had also written the commentary on Shri Bhagavatam, which determines the true meaning of Shri Bhagavad Gita and, once again, only few parts of this is available now, in the form of “Bhagavatartha Nibhandha” and “Sri Subodhini”.
The essence of the teachings contained in this Maha Bhagavata Purana, in each of it’s cantos, divisions and chapters, has been explained, by our Shri Mahaprabhu, as a treatise expounding a sastra or philosophical system, in his monumental work “Bhagavatartha Nibhandha”.
Out Shri Mahaprabhu has described the meanings of the syllables, words and sentences of Shri Maha Bhagavata Purana, in a summarized way, in his “SUKSHMA TEEKA” (subtle commentary). This is also available only in parts. He had desired to undertake this type of a very detailed and comprehensive interpretation of Shri Maha Bhagavata Purana. But, he could do such a detailed interpretation, in his Sri Subodhini, only for the 1st, 2nd , 3rd, 10th Cantos and very few chapters of the 11th Canto, of Shri Maha Bhagavata Purana.
In this proposed English translation of Shri Subodhini our dear Shri T. Ramanan, has, with considerable sustained efforts, brought out the “Bhava” of devotion (Bhakti) to our Lord Shri Krishna (as being the main purport of this treatise), based on an inspired, devoted and a most desirable oneness, of his love and devotion to our Lord Shri Krishna. On hearing several parts of this devotion-based translation, I have experienced wholesome pleasant astonishment and Bliss-indeed, I should say, that I am unable to control this urge in me, to speak about this joy, based on the experience, which I have passed through.
From the time of our Shri Mahaprabhu itself, our Shri Vallabha system has had very deep and cordial relations with the system enunciated by Shri Ramanuja. The proof and evidence for this can be seen, even during the life-time of our Shri Mahaprabhu. Our Shri Mahaprabhu had written, in his own handwriting, the verse “NYASADESESHU