Female Deities in Vedic and Epic Literature

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 From the Jacket:

A detailed study of the function, deifications and interrelation of Vedic females deities, on the basis of the original sources alongwith the analysis of the oriental and occidental Indologists is attempted in the present work. Two different but equally important approaches to the study of the Vedas in the modern world have been used. To make it a comparative study, the material related to the Greek and Semantic female deities has also been used.

The present attempt though based mainly on the Vedic literature as the major source of information goes deeper into the history of cultures and civilization. The study of phenomena would be of immense interest of scholars of Sanskrit, history and religion. An attempt has also been made to study the various aspects of the Vedic female deities.

About The Author:

Dr. Guleri is the grandson of Shri Pandit Chandradhar Sharma Guleri, a well known Sanskrit Hindi scholar.

He got his education first in Gurukul Kangri University, Haridwar, graduated with honours first class first in Sanskrit, Post-graduated in M. A. (Hindi-Sanskrit) and Ph. D. in Sanskrit from Punjab University, Chandigrah. After that Dr. Guleri joined Education Department, Himanchal Pradesh. At present he is working as education officer in Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development. He has written and edited several books and journals.

CONTENTS

Foreword ix
Preface xi
CHAPTER I
Introduction 1
CHAPTER II
Female Deities in the Rgveda
    The Concept of Usas 11; The word Usas an other languages 12; Usas and other deities 13; The function of Usas 14; Reference to many Dawn 16; Beauty of Dawn Hymns 17; The epithets of Usas 19; The Epithet Dasksina &nbsp its meaning 20; The Epithet Vajeni 22; The Epithet Sunrtah 23; The Epithet Vahana 23; Comparison between Usas and Laksmi 23; Non-validity of the Biological theory of Usas 25; Usas as a young girl 27; The scientific and Philosophical interpretation of Usas 28; The concept of Aditi 33; Aditi and other Deities 35. The concept of Aditi 33; Aditi and other Deities 35; Aditi, the protectress from sin 36; Diverse opinions about the concept of Aditi 38. The Biological Theory about the concept of Aditi 43. The Goddess Prthivi 46; The Earth and the Heaven 48; Earth as a cow 52; Fertile Earth 52; Heaven and Earth as representing Ether 52; Earth -as Prakrti of Samkhya 53; The Goddess Ratri 54; Tilaka's Theory of long night 56; Kali as the prototype of night 58; The concept of Sarasvati 58; Sarasvati as a River 61; Sarasvati as goddess of learning and speech 61; Saraswati, Ila and Bharati 63; Abstract Deities 64; The concept of Sraddha 65; The concept of Nirrti 66; Dvaro Devi 68; The wives of the Gods 68; Varunani 69; Surya 69; Indrani her conception 71; The Goddess Aranyani 72; The concept of the deity Vak 74; Her supremacy over gods 75.
11-76
CHAPTER III
Female Deities in the Atharvaveda
    The concept of Prthivi 79; The relation of Prthivi with other Deities 81; Prthivi and Sacrifices 82; Prthivi and magical spells 83; Prthivi and medicine 84; The concept of Earth and other mythologies 88; Aditi 91; Aditi and the goddess of Avesta 94; The Dravidian Amma and Aditi 96; The concept of Sarasvati 97; Ratri in the Atharvaveda 100; Night as Protectress from danger an evil 101; Other forms of Night 103; Usas 104; Astaka 107; Viraj 107; Viraj and Aditi 112; The Deities at Child-birth -Susa, Susani and Biskila Vidyut 114; Rohini 114; The plants as female deities - Prsniparni 115; Nitatni 115; Sala 115; Tvisi 117; Sita 118; The Abstract Deities 118; Anumati 119; Medha 121; Arati 122; Diti 123; Nirrti 124.
77-126
CHAPTER IV
Female Deities in the Yajurveda Samhita
    Prthivi 127; Sarasvati 132; Aditi 134; Usas 135; Ratri 136; Anumati 139; Nirrti 139; The wives of god 140.
125-142
CHAPTER V 157
Impact of Vedic female deities on Puranas and Tantras
    The Puranas 145; Prthivi 148; Saraswati 148; Ambika 149; The Tantras 150.
143-156
CHAPTER VI
Sri and Sarma in the Vedas
    The concept of Sri 157, Sarma 164
157-171
CHAPTER VII
Vedic female deities in Epic Literature 172-181
CHAPTER VIII
Inter relation of the deities
    Common epithets of the deities 182; Multiple role of the deities 183; Invocation of various deities at a time 184; Pairs of Deities 186; The Deities as Helpers 186; Relation through comparison 188.
182-189
CHAPTER IX
The female deities as Mother goddess in the Vedas
    Aditi 192; Prthivi 193; Sarasvati 194; Vak 195 Ambika 195; Devi 195; Miscellaneous views about vedic mother goddess 195; The Greek Mother-Goddess 202; The Female Tutelary Deity 203.
190-205
BIBLIOGRAPHY
    Original Texts and Translations 206; General Literature; The Books of Religion and Modern works 207; Journals 210; Dictionaries and Encyclopaedia 210.


Item Code: IDE411
Cover: Hardcover
Edition: 1990
Publisher: Nag Publisher
ISBN: 8170812097
Language: English
Size: 8.8" X 5.8"
Pages: 217
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