A Vedic Concordance


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A Vedic Concordance is a monumental work by the famous American Sanskritist Maurice Bloom field planned, prepared and published during the years 1892-1906. It affords primarily, an easy and ready means of ascertaining the following things: First, where a given mantra occurs if it occurs but once; second, whether it occurs else where, either with or without variants, and in what places, and third, if it occurs with variants, what those variants are.

One hundred and nineteen texts in all have been drawn upon for contributions to the Concordance comprising the following ten classes: 1. Samhitas; 2. Brahmanas; 3. Aranyakas; 4. Upanisads; 5. Srautasutras; 6. Grhya-sutras, Mantra Pathas and related texts; 7. Dharma-sutras, Dharma-sastras and Smrtis; 8. Vidhana texts; 9. Ancillary texts of the Veda; 10. Four miscellaneous texts.

The author has endeavoured to embody in the Concordance with absolute completeness the following: All the stanzas and all the prose passages of foumulaic characters contained in the Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, older Upanisads, Srauta-sutras, and Grhya-sutras. In the case of later Upanisads or of the metrical Dharma-sastras and Smrtis, or of such a text as Rg-vidhana he has adopted a selective method. From the latter texts he has culled whatever appeared to have Vedic form or Vedic flavour. The Concordance also includes a very considerable amount of material not yet published.

The Concordance may also be readily put to certain indirect or secondary uses, which are scarcely less important for the systematic progress of Vedic Study. Since the Concordance given not only the places of actual occurrence of a given mantra in the Samhitas but also the places where it is cited in the subsidiary works on ritual and household custom and the life, it furnished the key to the liturgical or ritual employment of every mantra as prescribed by the ceremonial books.


General plan of the Concordance
The Concordance is part of a larger scheme vii
Conditions of the problems which the Concordance involves vii
Primary uses of the Concordance
1. It is a comprehensive index of all mantras vii
2. It registers the variants of mantras not wholly identical vii
Secondary uses of the Concordance
1. It is a key to the liturgical employment of the mantras viii
2. It is virtually a finding-index of rites and practices viii
3. It is a tool for future editors of Vedic texts viii
4. It is a repertory of the most archaic Hindu prose viii
5. Miscellaneous uses (Vedic schools: grammar: mythology: etc.) viii
Scope of the Concordance
1. Certain published texts not included ix
2. Unpublished texts included ix
General statement of the number and kind of works included ix
The Concordance rarely reports variants registered in the critical apparatus of a given edited texts x
Orthographic details reported or neglected x
Occasional suggestions of emendation x
Future works complementary to the Concordance
The working-up material of texts yet unedited x
The elaboration of a reverse concordance x
Acknowledgment of obligations
To the University Press of Oxford xi
To pupils and colleagues

Explanations Introductory to the Use of the Concordance
General scope of these explanations
Bibliography of the works cited and abbreviations of their titles xiii
Methods used in reporting the variants xiii
General remarks on the character of the variants
No hard and fast line between truly variant and vaguely similar passages xiii
True variants. Uha-padas xiii
Variants in padas other than the first xiii
Essential similarity with wide divergence of wording xiii
Cases of partial correspondence: At the beginning; at the end; in the middle xiv
Methods used in reporting the variants
1. Variants for which the alphabetic order does not require more than one entry xiv
2. Variants involving more than one alphabetic entry xv
Use of cross-references introduced by See xv
Use of cross-references introduced by See under xv
Use of cross-references introduced by Compare (Cf.) xv
Bibliography of the works cited, with abbreviations of their titles
Classified bibliography of the works cited in the Concordance

1. Alphabetic list of abbreviations of the titles of the cited texts xxi
2. List of a few other abbreviations used in the Concordance

Vedic Concordance
Alphabetic list of Vedic mantras with citations and variants 1-1076
Additions and corrections 1077-1078

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